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Kerry V Fanson, Tamara Keeley, and Benjamin G Fanson

hormone type. Detrending is a standard component of time series analysis, and serves to remove long-term trends in the data that may exaggerate correlations between datasets. For example, one elephant exhibited a steady increase in both progesterone and

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Kristin Godang, Karolina Lundstam, Charlotte Mollerup, Stine Lyngvi Fougner, Ylva Pernow, Jörgen Nordenström, Thord Rosén, Svante Jansson, Mikael Hellström, Jens Bollerslev, Ansgar Heck, and the SIPH Study Group

Introduction Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a common endocrine disease ( 1 ) and is characterized by hyperactivity in one or several parathyroid glands, raised levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and altered calcium homeostasis with

Open access

Kylie D Rock, Brian Horman, Allison L Phillips, Susan L McRitchie, Scott Watson, Jocelin Deese-Spruill, Dereje Jima, Susan Sumner, Heather M Stapleton, and Heather B Patisaul

similarities with known neurotoxicants and endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), including PBDEs ( 9 ) and organophosphate pesticides ( 10 ), have raised concerns regarding possible health impacts, especially on the developing brain. Because we have found

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Rachel K Rowe, Benjamin M Rumney, Hazel G May, Paska Permana, P David Adelson, S Mitchell Harman, Jonathan Lifshitz, and Theresa C Thomas

-lasting neurological impairments. Clinically prevalent symptomology includes somatic, cognitive and emotional impairments, with chronic endocrine dysfunction becoming increasingly recognized as a clinical issue ( 3 , 4 , 5 ). Endocrine dysfunction after TBI can be

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Renea A Taylor, Jennifer Lo, Natasha Ascui, and Matthew J Watt

–29.9 are considered overweight, and those with a BMI >30 are considered obese. Excess adiposity is an epidemic in developed countries, with two in three men now defined as overweight or obese (4) . Compounding this upward trend is the increasing prevalence

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Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Thurkaa Shanmugalingam, Cecilia Bosco, Wahyu Wulaningsih, and Sabine Rohrmann

each s.d . increase in total and dairy protein and calcium intake, there was an increase in IGF1 concentration of 2.5, 2.4, and 3.3% respectively ( P for trend: <0.001 for all) and a decrease in IGFBP2 of 3.5, 3.5, and 5.4% respectively ( P for trend

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Fernando Aprile-Garcia, María Antunica-Noguerol, Maia Ludmila Budziñski, Ana C Liberman, and Eduardo Arzt

component of the endocrine stress response. IL1 and other cytokines act on the brain via several communication pathways: i) primary afferent neurons that innervate the periphery; ii) a humoral pathway that involves production of proinflammatory cytokines by

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Nicolás Crisosto, Bárbara Echiburú, Manuel Maliqueo, Marta Luchsinger, Pedro Rojas, Sergio Recabarren, and Teresa Sir-Petermann

Introduction Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common familial endocrine-metabolic disorder that affects women of reproductive age, characterized by irregular menses, chronic anovulation, infertility and hyperandrogenism ( 1 , 2 ). A

Open access

Karim Gariani, Geneviève Drifte, Irène Dunn-Siegrist, Jérôme Pugin, and François R Jornayvaz

deposition of heparansulfate proteoglycans and can be released into the circulation and function as endocrine factors (5) . FGF21 is a hormone mainly produced by the liver and white adipose tissue, where it is in part induced by the peroxisome proliferator

Open access

Yang Lv, Ning Pu, Wei-lin Mao, Wen-qi Chen, Huan-yu Wang, Xu Han, Yuan Ji, Lei Zhang, Da-yong Jin, Wen-Hui Lou, and Xue-feng Xu

, and unknown primary . Neuroendocrinology 2012 95 157 – 176 . ( ) 10.1159/000335597 22262022 12 O’Toole D. Current trend: endocrine tumors of the stomach, small bowel, colon and rectum . Gastroenterologie