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Ali Abbasi

until April 2015. The overview of this systematic literature search was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, when applicable (12) . A manual search was also done for the

Open access

Daiki Kobayashi, Nagato Kuriyama, Keita Hirano, Osamu Takahashi and Hiroshi Noto

study. First, our data contained only diabetes treatment status, so the types of medication were unknown. Certain medications, such as pioglitazone or metformin, may cause or prevent cancer ( 38 , 39 ). A recent meta-analysis reported that pioglitazone

Open access

Katica Bajuk Studen and Marija Pfeifer

development of hypertension, cardiovascular disease and abnormalities in glucose metabolism ( 43 , 44 , 45 ). A recent meta-analysis suggests that risk of OSA is increased in adult women with PCOS. It seems that central obesity, hyperandrogenemia and insulin

Open access

Yao Chen and Shu-ying Fang

investigated in PCOS patients until now. Relevant literatures of case–control researches and meta-analysis studies were searched from PubMed database or by citation search and reference lists of relevant articles. Relationships of the candidate genes with PCOS

Open access

Luminita Nicoleta Cima, Anca Colita and Simona Fica

.94–2.82 CI, confidence interval; DFS, disease-free survival; OR, odds ratio; POF, premature ovarian failure; PR, pregnancy rate; RCT, randomized clinical trials; RM, resumption of menses; RR, relative risk. The largest meta-analysis that provides

Open access

Raymond J Rodgers, Jodie C Avery, Vivienne M Moore, Michael J Davies, Ricardo Azziz, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Lisa J Moran, Sarah A Robertson, Nigel K Stepto, Robert J Norman and Helena J Teede

clamp techniques showed that 75% of lean and 95% of obese women had IR compared to weight-matched controls ( 17 ). This was supported by a meta-analysis of clamp studies in PCOS where IR is clearly increased independently of BMI, yet, it is exacerbated

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Philippe Thuillier, Nathalie Roudaut, Geneviève Crouzeix, Marie Cavarec, Philippe Robin, Ronan Abgral, Véronique Kerlan and Pierre-Yves Salaun

, explorations have to be discussed. In FDG PET–CT, TI may appear as a focal FDG uptake (fTI) or as diffuse thyroid uptake (dTI) of the thyroid parenchyma. A recent meta-analysis of thirty studies, mostly retrospective, found a prevalence of 1.6% and 2.1% for fTI

Open access

Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Anne-Marie Coady, Eric S Kilpatrick and Stephen L Atkin

J Peto R Armitage J Baigent C. Efficacy of cholesterol-lowering therapy in 18,686 people with diabetes in 14 randomised trials of statins: a meta-analysis . Lancet 2008 371 117 – 125 . ( doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60104-X

Open access

Stefan Pilz, Armin Zittermann, Christian Trummer, Verena Theiler-Schwetz, Elisabeth Lerchbaum, Martin H Keppel, Martin R Grübler, Winfried März and Marlene Pandis

supplementation such as the Vitamin D Assessment (ViDA) Study in 5108 older individuals randomized to 2500 µg (100,000 IU) of vitamin D per month or placebo did not report on increased risk of fractures or falls ( 128 , 129 ). In line with this, a recent meta-analysis

Open access

Piera Rizzolo, Valentina Silvestri, Virginia Valentini, Veronica Zelli, Agostino Bucalo, Ines Zanna, Simonetta Bianchi, Maria Grazia Tibiletti, Antonio Russo, Liliana Varesco, Gianluca Tedaldi, Bernardo Bonanni, Jacopo Azzollini, Siranoush Manoukian, Anna Coppa, Giuseppe Giannini, Laura Cortesi, Alessandra Viel, Marco Montagna, Paolo Peterlongo, Paolo Radice, Domenico Palli and Laura Ottini

women has been reported in some populations ( 18 , 19 , 20 ); however, more recent meta-analyses showed that there is no overall effect on FBC risk ( 21 , 22 , 23 ). In line with these meta-analysis studies, our study provides no evidence that CYP1B