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Anna Eremkina, Julia Krupinova, Ekaterina Dobreva, Anna Gorbacheva, Ekaterina Bibik, Margarita Samsonova, Alina Ajnetdinova, and Natalya Mokrysheva

severe hypercalcemia or an HC should begin with adequate hydration with isotonic saline. Therapy with hypocalcemic drugs is also an option, which allows the patient to prepare for surgery. Bisphosphonates are widely used and approved for the treatment of

Open access

Dong Cen, Hui Liu, Zhe Wan, Zhongjie Lin, Yanting Wang, Junjie Xu, and Yuelong Liang

, surgery remains effective for localized tumors and systemic treatment options have expanded for patients with metastatic status ( 4 ). According to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of NEN, NEN includes differentiated neuroendocrine tumors

Open access

Alexis Sudlow, Carel W le Roux, and Dimitri J Pournaras

Introduction The early concept of surgical intervention to mediate weight loss in patients suffering from obesity stemmed from the observation of the substantial and often problematic weight loss following gastrointestinal surgery for cancer

Open access

Boni Xiang, Ran Tao, Xinhua Liu, Xiaoming Zhu, Min He, Zengyi Ma, Yehong Yang, Zhaoyun Zhang, Yiming Li, Zhenwei Yao, Yongfei Wang, and Hongying Ye

correlation ( 7 ). In 2013, Tamada et al. first reported ‘hyperthyroidism’ in two CS patients after surgery due to ‘syndrome of inappropriate secretion of TSH’ (SITSH) associated with the insufficient replacement of hydrocortisone (HC) ( 8 ). Free T3 and

Open access

Joana Simões-Pereira, Daniel Macedo, and Maria João Bugalho

. Those patients not eligible for surgery may undergo stereotaxic radiosurgery (SRS) or whole-brain radiotherapy (WBR). RAI can be considered for iodine-avid CNS metastases, under glucocorticoid therapy to minimize the TSH-induced effects and the

Open access

Nadine M Vaninetti, David B Clarke, Deborah A Zwicker, Churn-Ern Yip, Barna Tugwell, Steve Doucette, Chris Theriault, Khaled Aldahmani, and Syed Ali Imran

was based on typical clinical and radiological features; the latter was judged either by an experienced neurosurgeon or directly obtained from the radiology report. For all patients who underwent surgery, tissue diagnosis was the primary method for

Open access

Marloes Emous, Merel van den Broek, Ragnhild B Wijma, Loek J M de Heide, Gertjan van Dijk, Anke Laskewitz, Erik Totté, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, and André P van Beek

, which may even result in coma ( 4 , 5 , 6 ). Studies have observed prevalence rates after primary gastric bypass surgery of 12% when assessed by means of questionnaires and up to 75% when assessed by continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMSs) ( 7

Open access

Ravikumar Shah, Anurag R Lila, Ramteke-Swati Jadhav, Virendra Patil, Abhishek Mahajan, Sushil Sonawane, Puja Thadani, Anil Dcruz, Prathamesh Pai, Munita Bal, Subhada Kane, Nalini Shah, and Tushar Bandgar

hospital), pre and post-operative serum phosphorus and FGF-23 levels were available in all patients ( Table 1 ). Three patients were cured with initial surgery, while four had persistent disease. No recurrence was documented in patients cured initially ( n

Open access

Roland Därr, Jonas Kater, Peggy Sekula, Birke Bausch, Tobias Krauss, Christoph Bode, Gerd Walz, Hartmut P Neumann, and Stefan Zschiedrich

than sporadic PHEO/PGL, may exhibit a remarkably slow growth rate, and do not release excess catecholamines in a substantial proportion of cases ( 3 , 6 , 25 ). Obviously, therefore, the decision for surgery and histological verification of PHEO

Open access

Zhou-Qing Kang, Jia-Ling Huo, and Xiao-Jie Zhai

guidelines or statements from different academic organizations ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ). However, the optimal glucose target for patients undergoing surgery is still debatable ( 6 ). Van Den Berghe and her coworkers performed and published a randomized