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Hongyan Wang, Bin Wu, Zichuan Yao, Xianqing Zhu, Yunzhong Jiang, and Song Bai

. These symptoms are often paroxysmal and can be spontaneous or induced by a variety of events, such as strenuous physical exertion, delivery, trauma, anesthesia induction, and surgery ( 3 ). Although the mainstay strategy for treatment of

Open access

Ida Staby, Jesper Krogh, Marianne Klose, Jonas Baekdal, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Lars Poulsgaard, Jacob Bertram Springborg, and Mikkel Andreassen

hypopituitarism ( 2 ). Prolactinomas are traditionally treated medically, while non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs), corticotropin-producing tumours and growth hormone-producing tumours are usually treated surgically ( 3 , 4 ). Indications for surgery are

Open access

Myrtille Fouché, Yves Bouffard, Mary-Charlotte Le Goff, Johanne Prothet, François Malavieille, Pierre Sagnard, Françoise Christin, Davy Hayi-Slayman, Arnaud Pasquer, Gilles Poncet, Thomas Walter, and Thomas Rimmelé

Octreotide was administered 12–48 h prior to surgery by intravenous continuous infusion at a dose of 40 µg/h or 80 µg/h if patient had prior CS, hepatic metastases or carcinoid heart disease. Octreotide was continued during the intraoperative and

Open access

Henri Honka, Jukka Koffert, Saila Kauhanen, Nobuyuki Kudomi, Saija Hurme, Andrea Mari, Andreas Lindqvist, Nils Wierup, Riitta Parkkola, Leif Groop, and Pirjo Nuutila

nutrients and hormones secreted from the gut and pancreas elicit a shift in hepatic glucose metabolism toward net uptake ( 3 ). However, little is known about hepatic blood flow and volume (HBV) responses to a mixed-meal after bariatric surgery. The

Open access

A Gizard, A Rothenbuhler, Z Pejin, G Finidori, C Glorion, B de Billy, A Linglart, and P Wicart

treatment has been associated with better outcomes ( 3 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 ). Orthopedic corrective surgery is indicated if there is marked leg bowing, with immediate functional consequences or long-term threats to the joints. Usually, the bone

Open access

Prachi Bansal, Anurag Lila, Manjunath Goroshi, Swati Jadhav, Nilesh Lomte, Kunal Thakkar, Atul Goel, Abhidha Shah, Shilpa Sankhe, Naina Goel, Neelam Jaguste, Tushar Bandgar, and Nalini Shah

mortality ( 2 ). Transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) of pituitary adenoma is the primary treatment modality, with varying remission rates (52–96.6%) reported across different centres ( 3 ). Various demographic, biochemical, radiological and histopathological

Open access

Magnolia Ariza-Nieto, Joshua B Alley, Sanjay Samy, Laura Fitzgerald, Francoise Vermeylen, Michael L Shuler, and José O Alemán

, 19 ). We report that high levels of MIR148A in plasma and low levels in liver DNMT1 mRNA transcripts in liver are related to adiponectin insensitivity in patients following metabolic surgery for weight loss at 12 weeks. Materials and methods

Open access

Kristin Godang, Karolina Lundstam, Charlotte Mollerup, Stine Lyngvi Fougner, Ylva Pernow, Jörgen Nordenström, Thord Rosén, Svante Jansson, Mikael Hellström, Jens Bollerslev, Ansgar Heck, and the SIPH Study Group

demonstrated improvement of cardiovascular disease or risk factors after surgery ( 3 , 8 , 9 ). Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that PHPT patients with diabetes or dyslipidemia can improve their dysmetabolic status after parathyroidectomy ( 10 , 11

Open access

Alberto Giacinto Ambrogio, Massimiliano Andrioli, Martina De Martin, Francesco Cavagnini, and Francesca Pecori Giraldi

surgery but sometimes even decades after cure. Estimates of recurrence vary from 5 to 30% ( 4 , 5 , 6 ) indicating that up to one-fifth of the patients may experience a relapse of hypercortisolism. From a clinical viewpoint, this translates into the need

Open access

Cristina Lamas, Elena Navarro, Anna Casterás, Paloma Portillo, Victoria Alcázar, María Calatayud, Cristina Álvarez-Escolá, Julia Sastre, Evangelina Boix, Lluis Forga, Almudena Vicente, Josep Oriola, Jordi Mesa, and Nuria Valdés

timing for surgery, both at initial diagnosis and at recurrence. Hyperplasia affecting all the parathyroid tissue is the most common pathological finding, making recurrences much more frequent than in sporadic hyperparathyroidism, so PHPT often represents