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Hongyan Wang, Bin Wu, Zichuan Yao, Xianqing Zhu, Yunzhong Jiang, and Song Bai

. These symptoms are often paroxysmal and can be spontaneous or induced by a variety of events, such as strenuous physical exertion, delivery, trauma, anesthesia induction, and surgery ( 3 ). Although the mainstay strategy for treatment of

Open access

Ida Staby, Jesper Krogh, Marianne Klose, Jonas Baekdal, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Lars Poulsgaard, Jacob Bertram Springborg, and Mikkel Andreassen

hypopituitarism ( 2 ). Prolactinomas are traditionally treated medically, while non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs), corticotropin-producing tumours and growth hormone-producing tumours are usually treated surgically ( 3 , 4 ). Indications for surgery are

Open access

Marek Niedziela

replacement. Two definitive options – (a) surgery and (b) radioiodine (I-131 (RAI)) – followed by life-long treatment with LT4. The treatment of other, less frequent forms of hyperthyroidism in children depends on their cause and whether coexisting

Open access

Luchuan Li, Baoyuan Li, Bin Lv, Weili Liang, Binbin Zhang, Qingdong Zeng, Andrew G Turner, and Lei Sheng

between 2010 and 2020. Materials and Methods Patients Clinical data were collected from patients with PHPT undergoing surgery in two large tertiary medical centers (Qilu hospital of Shandong University and the Affiliated Yantai Yuhuangding

Open access

Myrtille Fouché, Yves Bouffard, Mary-Charlotte Le Goff, Johanne Prothet, François Malavieille, Pierre Sagnard, Françoise Christin, Davy Hayi-Slayman, Arnaud Pasquer, Gilles Poncet, Thomas Walter, and Thomas Rimmelé

Octreotide was administered 12–48 h prior to surgery by intravenous continuous infusion at a dose of 40 µg/h or 80 µg/h if patient had prior CS, hepatic metastases or carcinoid heart disease. Octreotide was continued during the intraoperative and

Open access

Henri Honka, Jukka Koffert, Saila Kauhanen, Nobuyuki Kudomi, Saija Hurme, Andrea Mari, Andreas Lindqvist, Nils Wierup, Riitta Parkkola, Leif Groop, and Pirjo Nuutila

nutrients and hormones secreted from the gut and pancreas elicit a shift in hepatic glucose metabolism toward net uptake ( 3 ). However, little is known about hepatic blood flow and volume (HBV) responses to a mixed-meal after bariatric surgery. The

Open access

Nannan Bian, Xiaomeng Sun, Biao Zhou, Lin Zhang, Qiu Wang, Yu An, Xiaohui Li, Yinhui Li, Jia Liu, Hua Meng, and Guang Wang

, bariatric surgery is the most effective way to lose weight and exert beneficial effects on metabolism ( 3 ). Adipose tissue insulin resistance (adipo-IR) is one of the pathophysiological characteristics of obesity ( 4 , 5 , 6 ). Hepatic and muscular IR

Open access

C Chiapponi, H Alakus, M Faust, A M Schultheis, J Rosenbrock, and M Schmidt

Introduction Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is often diagnosed postoperatively after resection of sonographic and/or cytological suspicious thyroid nodules. Since its prognosis is excellent in most cases, the main goals of surgery are

Open access

A Gizard, A Rothenbuhler, Z Pejin, G Finidori, C Glorion, B de Billy, A Linglart, and P Wicart

treatment has been associated with better outcomes ( 3 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 ). Orthopedic corrective surgery is indicated if there is marked leg bowing, with immediate functional consequences or long-term threats to the joints. Usually, the bone

Open access

Kunzhe Lin, Lingling Lu, Zhijie Pei, Shuwen Mu, Shaokuan Huang, and Shousen Wang

Introduction Delayed hyponatremia refers to hyponatremia that occurs ≥3 days after transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) ( 1 ). Patients with hyponatremia may have various clinical manifestations, ranging from asymptomatic to mild (headache, nausea