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Kristin Viste, Marianne A Grytaas, Melissa D Jørstad, Dag E Jøssang, Eivind N Høyden, Solveig S Fotland, Dag K Jensen, Kristian Løvås, Hrafnkell Thordarson, Bjørg Almås, and Gunnar Mellgren

adrenalectomy (9) . If the adrenal hypersecretion of aldosterone is bilateral, or a patient is unwilling to undergo surgery, medical treatment with a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist is recommended (10) . Selective adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is the

Open access

Paula Bruna Araujo, Leandro Kasuki, Carlos Henrique de Azeredo Lima, Liana Ogino, Aline H S Camacho, Leila Chimelli, Márta Korbonits, and Monica R Gadelha

predominantly male (61%), are young at the time of diagnosis (78% aged <30 years) and tend to have macroadenomas (88%) with extrasellar extension making curative surgery less likely ( 21 ). In case of acromegaly, AIPmut patients have a poor response to medical

Open access

Trevor Lewis, Eva Zeisig, and Jamie E Gaida

but not tendinopathy ( 6 ). Furthermore, a recent population-based study of more than 58,000 individuals with diabetes and 117,000 controls observed a hazard ratio of 1.56 (95% CI 1.25 to 1.93) for rotator cuff surgery following adjustment for other

Open access

Filippo Ceccato, Elisa Selmin, Giorgia Antonelli, Mattia Barbot, Andrea Daniele, Marco Boscaro, Mario Plebani, and Carla Scaroni

: - evidence of a sellar mass (a pituitary adenoma, with signs of compression/invasion of neighboring structures, or a sellar-parasellar lesion that might cause HPA axis damage); - a history of pituitary/skull base surgery (at least 3 months before the

Open access

Solène Castellnou, Alexandre Vasiljevic, Véronique Lapras, Véronique Raverot, Eudeline Alix, Françoise Borson-Chazot, Emmanuel Jouanneau, Gérald Raverot, and Hélène Lasolle

order to control cortisol excess and to prevent morbi-mortality. Transsphenoidal surgical resection is the first-line treatment with a remission rate of approximately 75% when the surgery is performed by an expert pituitary surgeon ( 6 , 7 , 8

Open access

Yuan Liu, Siyi Guo, Jinsong Wu, Rongai Wang, Jinbo Liu, Yan Liu, Bin Lv, Nan Liu, Ling Jiang, and Xiaoli Zhang

levels (mmol/L) using the following formula: US was used to detect parathyroid nodules and kidney stones. Diagnoses of parathyroid carcinoma (PC), adenoma, cysts, and hyperplasia were confirmed by pathological examination after surgery. We performed

Open access

Mahmoud Al-Masri, Tawfiq Al-Shobaki, Hani Al-Najjar, Rafal Iskanderian, Enas Younis, Niveen Abdallah, Abdelghani Tbakhi, Hussam Haddad, Mohammad Al-Masri, Zeinab Obeid, and Awad Jarrar

every 6–12 months after primary surgery. Suspicious thyroid nodules or lymph nodes warranted ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (US-FNAC). Tumour-node-metastasis (TNM) staging was defined based on the eighth edition of the American Joint

Open access

Katerina Saltiki, Elli Anagnostou, George Simeakis, Sofia Kouki, Anastasia Angelopoulou, Leda Sarika, Alexandra Papathoma, and Maria Alevizaki

size, the extent of the disease at diagnosis and during follow-up, the number of performed surgeries and the pre- and post-operative calcitonin levels were recorded. Staging at diagnosis was performed according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer

Open access

Barbora Pekova, Sarka Dvorakova, Vlasta Sykorova, Gabriela Vacinova, Eliska Vaclavikova, Jitka Moravcova, Rami Katra, Petr Vlcek, Pavla Sykorova, Daniela Kodetova, Josef Vcelak, and Bela Bendlova

underwent surgery from 2003 to 2017 at the Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and Motol University Hospital in Prague. The thyroid tumor samples were histologically evaluated. All the specimens were snap

Open access

Wiebke Arlt and the Society for Endocrinology Clinical Committee

glucocorticoids per i.v. or i.m. injection or iv infusion during prolonged vomiting or diarrhoea, during preparation for colonoscopy or in case of acute trauma or surgery requiring general anaesthesia After emergency care: how to prevent an adrenal crisis