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Lia Ferreira, João Silva, Susana Garrido, Carlos Bello, Diana Oliveira, Hélder Simões, Isabel Paiva, Joana Guimarães, Marta Ferreira, Teresa Pereira, Rita Bettencourt-Silva, Ana Filipa Martins, Tiago Silva, Vera Fernandes, Maria Lopes Pereira, and Adrenal Tumors Study Group of the Portuguese Society of Endocrinology

included 278 adult patients diagnosed with AD between 1950 and 2016, of which 56% were female. The mean age at diagnosis was 33.6 ± 19.3 years. Clinical presentation At the time of the diagnosis, the most frequently reported symptoms and signs were

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Hui Long, Yanhong Nie, Li Wang, Yong Lu, Yan Wang, Yijun Cai, Zhen Liu, Miaomiao Jia, Qifeng Lyu, Yanping Kuang, and Qiang Sun

satisfactory results, it is valuable to evaluate ovarian response to gonadotropin before ART in monkeys. AMH is a homodimeric glycoprotein and secreted from preantral and small antral follicles as recruited from the follicle pool in females ( 11 , 12 ). Thus

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Elvira C Arellanes-Licea, José Ávila-Mendoza, Elizabeth C Ramírez-Martínez, Eugenia Ramos, Nancy Uribe-González, Carlos Arámburo, Teresa Morales, and Maricela Luna

Introduction In mammals, motherhood is accompanied by diverse adaptations as well as neural and behavioral plasticity, helping the female to cope with the demands of reproduction ( 1 , 2 , 3 ). These adaptations confer neuroprotection to the

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Henrik Falhammar, Magnus Kjellman, and Jan Calissendorff

suspicion ( n  = 29) P value Screening ( n  = 4) P value between all three groups Age at diagnosis (years) 56.3 ± 16.1 59.7 ± 14.1 52.4 ± 17.6 0.037 33.3 ± 8.7 0.001* Females ( n ) 47 (51%) 35 (59%) 9 (31%) 0

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Fan Zhang, Jian Chen, Xinyue Lin, Shiqiao Peng, Xiaohui Yu, Zhongyan Shan, and Weiping Teng

methods Animals This experiment used 45 female rats (weighing 190–210 g) that had never been pregnant. All female rats were kept in the Experimental Animal Department at China Medical University under specific pathogen-free conditions, in a constant

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Gavin P Vinson and Caroline H Brennan

adrenocortical hormones were even characterized that morphine toxicity was linked to the adrenal gland. Thus, Lewis (1) and Mackay & Mackay (2) showed that adrenalectomy increased morphine sensitivity in female rats, and chronic treatment with morphine in

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Zhiyan Yu, Yueyue Wu, Rui Zhang, Yue Li, Shufei Zang, and Jun Liu

were considered to be in the menopause. In total, 1045 patients were excluded for the following reasons: premenopausal female ( n   = 239); male age below 50 years ( n   = 156); presence of viral liver disease or autoimmune hepatitis ( n   = 171

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Aasem Saif, Shrook Mousa, Maha Assem, Nashwa Tharwat, and Alaa Abdelhamid

our work was to assess both CIMT and endothelial dysfunction in patients with hypothyroidism. Materials and methods Our study included 110 Egyptian females, aged 18 to 55 years, recruited from the Endocrinology Clinic at Cairo University

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Jana Ernst, Katharina Gert, Frank Bernhard Kraus, Ulrike Elisabeth Rolle-Kampczyk, Martin Wabitsch, Faramarz Dehghani, and Kristina Schaedlich

gain during pregnancy and diabetes (type 1, type 2 or gestational) are among the adverse influences put forward by this hypothesis ( 3 , 4 , 5 ). Obesity and hyperinsulinemia are major causes for female hyperandrogenemia. The thereby elevated

Open access

Rolf Jorde and Guri Grimnes

. Results The seventh survey of the Tromsø study Three thousand seven hundred sixty-nine subjects had valid serum 25(OH)D and PTH measurements. Among these, 2803 (1682 females and 1121 males) had serum calcium in the range 2.20–2.50 mmol/L and serum