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Karolien Van De Maele, Jean De Schepper, Jesse Vanbesien, Monique Van Helvoirt, Ann De Guchtenaere, and Inge Gies

the anthropometric changes between children with a 25-OH vitamin D concentration below or above 20 µg/L. P values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results Baseline characteristics and comparison between adolescents with a

Open access

María Dolores Rodríguez Arnao, Amparo Rodríguez Sánchez, Ignacio Díez López, Joaquín Ramírez Fernández, Jose Antonio Bermúdez de la Vega, Diego Yeste Fernández, María Chueca Guindulain, Raquel Corripio Collado, Jacobo Pérez Sánchez, Ana Fernández González, and ECOS Spain Study Collaborative Investigator Group

Introduction Since the 60s, GH has been the mainstay of treatment for children with GH deficiency (GHD) ( 1 ). With the discovery of recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH), the treatment has been extended to other conditions, such as Turner

Open access

Greta B Raglan, Louis A Schmidt, and Jay Schulkin

women with PTSD exposed to trauma during pregnancy, and in their children Neylan et al . (2005) ( 50 ) Shows that lower basal glucocorticoid levels predict severity of PTSD symptoms in police officers Wessa et al . (2006) ( 51 ) Shows

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Mojca Zerjav Tansek, Ana Bertoncel, Brina Sebez, Janez Zibert, Urh Groselj, Tadej Battelino, and Magdalena Avbelj Stefanija

patients with PKU and non-cPKU are treated at a single national reference center for inborn errors of metabolism at University Children’s Hospital in Ljubljana. Due to incoherent findings in different studies, we aimed to assess the impact of dietary

Open access

Farzaneh Rohani, Mohammad Reza Alai, Sedighe Moradi, and Davoud Amirkashani

Poyrazoğlu et al . ( 8 ) indicate the final height (FH) of these children are short related to parental height. They should be treated before puberty to reach to the target height (TH) and predicted adult height (PAH). Soliman et al . ( 7 ) believed in

Open access

Monika Bilic, Huma Qamar, Akpevwe Onoyovwi, Jill Korsiak, Eszter Papp, Abdullah Al Mahmud, Rosanna Weksberg, Alison D Gernand, Jennifer Harrington, and Daniel E Roth

metabolite of vitamin D ( 20 , 21 ). In a study of children with nutritional rickets, vitamin D supplementation increased serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 and resulted in accelerated linear growth, suggesting that the treatment of poor growth associated with rickets

Open access

Monica F Stecchini, Zilda Braid, Candy B More, Davi C Aragon, Margaret Castro, Ayrton C Moreira, and Sonir R Antonini

usually present with virilizing features, linear growth acceleration and bone age (BA) advancement ( 17 ), could also lead to secondary CPP. However, this outcome has been considered uncommon in ACTs ( 18 ). ACTs are rare in children worldwide, with an

Open access

Suma Uday, Ardita Kongjonaj, Magda Aguiar, Ted Tulchinsky, and Wolfgang Högler

receive free supplements, and in Norway, only people from ethnic minorities. Financial family support for children is provided by 86% of countries (25/29), varying from birth to a minimum of 26 weeks and a maximum of 18 years; however, only 28% of

Open access

Chunyun Fu, Shiyu Luo, Yingfeng Li, Qifei Li, Xuehua Hu, Mengting Li, Yue Zhang, Jiasun Su, Xuyun Hu, Yun Chen, Jin Wang, Bobo Xie, Jingsi Luo, Xin Fan, Shaoke Chen, and Yiping Shen

months or years of life. The current guidelines recommend that all CH children be re-evaluated at the age of 3 years ( 8 ). Early differentiation of TCH is important to avoid unnecessary prolonged treatment with L-T 4 , and it is also helpful for

Open access

Laura van Iersel, Sarah C Clement, Antoinette Y N Schouten-van Meeteren, Annemieke M Boot, Hedi L Claahsen-van der Grinten, Bernd Granzen, K Sen Han, Geert O Janssens, Erna M Michiels, A S Paul van Trotsenburg, W Peter Vandertop, Dannis G van Vuurden, Hubert N Caron, Leontien C M Kremer, and Hanneke M van Santen

, in one study, only children who received low-dose cRT were included (15–24 Gy), and only single FT4 concentrations from different CBTS were correlated with follow-up time. In another study, the same cross-sectional analysis was applied to a cohort of