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Gunjan Garg, Garima Kachhawa, Rekha Ramot, Rajesh Khadgawat, Nikhil Tandon, V Sreenivas, Alka Kriplani, and N Gupta

syndrome: a randomized, controlled pilot trial . Fertility and Sterility 2014 101 1740 – 1746 . ( doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.02.021 ). 21 Morales AJ Laughlin GA Butzow T Maheshwari H Baumann G Yen SS . Insulin, somatotropic, and

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Masafumi Tetsuka and Misato Tanakadate

maturation and fertilization in cattle . Journal of Reproduction and Fertility: Supplement 1989 38 . 2677348 2 Ferreira EM Vireque AA Adona PR Meirelles FV Ferriani RA Navarro PA . Cytoplasmic maturation of bovine oocytes: structural and

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R Walia, M Singla, K Vaiphei, S Kumar, and A Bhansali

virilization of external genitalia, prospects of restoring normal appearance of external genitalia and fertility and parent’s/patient’s preferences. Genital surgery is often required; however, the type and time of surgery are still debatable ( 5 ). Most of the

Open access

Kerry V Fanson, Tamara Keeley, and Benjamin G Fanson

been identified as one of the top ten global conservation issues (17) . Captive breeding programs play a critical role in achieving this goal, but fertility rates must improve. Causes of ovarian dysfunction and reproductive failure in elephants are

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Jan Roar Mellembakken, Azita Mahmoudan, Lars Mørkrid, Inger Sundström-Poromaa, Laure Morin-Papunen, Juha S Tapanainen, Terhi T Piltonen, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Eszter Vanky, Pernille Ravn, Richard Christian Jensen, Marianne Skovsager Andersen, and Dorte Glintborg

related to polycystic ovary syndrome . Fertility and Sterility 2004 81 19 – 25 . ( ) 3 Glintborg D Endocrine and metabolic characteristics in polycystic ovary syndrome . Danish Medical Journal

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Renea A Taylor, Jennifer Lo, Natasha Ascui, and Matthew J Watt

:10.1038/nrc2174 ). 63 Chavarro JE Toth TL Wright DL Meeker JD Hauser R . Body mass index in relation to semen quality, sperm DNA integrity, and serum reproductive hormone levels among men attending an infertility clinic . Fertility and

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Elizabeth Micks, Greta B Raglan, and Jay Schulkin

illustrates the timeline for development of progestin contraceptives. In the 1920s, scientists observed that steroid extracts administered to animals inhibited fertility. In 1942, Russell Marker identified a technique to convert diosgenin, a steroid precursor

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Line K Johnson, Kirsten B Holven, Njord Nordstrand, Jan R Mellembakken, Tom Tanbo, and Jøran Hjelmesæth

with PCOS reduces hyperandrogenism, normalizes menstrual function and improves fertility (6) . Furthermore, weight reduction improves several components of MS such as high blood pressure (BP), dyslipidemia and dysglycemia (7, 8) . Few studies have

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Sebastião Freitas de Medeiros, Cinthia Marenza Ormond, Matheus Antônio Souto de Medeiros, Nayara de Souza Santos, Camila Regis Banhara, and Márcia Marly Winck Yamamoto

.2003-0030 ) 15583024 10.1210/er.2003-0030 8 Rosenfield RL Barnes RB Cara JF Lucky AW. Dysregulation of cytochrome P450c 17 alpha as a cause of polycystic ovarian syndrome . Fertility and Sterility 1990 53 785 – 791 . ( doi:10

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M Axelstad, U Hass, M Scholze, S Christiansen, A Kortenkamp, and J Boberg

/kg bw/day of paracetamol ( 17 ). Several studies have examined the effects of paracetamol in adult rodents, some indicating toxicity to male reproductive organs. Oral exposure to 1000 mg/kg bw/day for 30 days impaired male fertility and sperm count