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Abdul K Siraj, Rong Bu, Maham Arshad, Kaleem Iqbal, Sandeep Kumar Parvathareddy, Tariq Masoodi, Laila Omar Ghazwani, Saif S Al-Sobhi, Fouad Al-Dayel, and Khawla S Al-Kuraya

cancer, among females in Saudi Arabia, with a significantly higher incidence rate when compared to other countries, such as the USA ( 2 , 3 ). Amongst the different subtypes, papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common and accounts for 80–90% of

Open access

Lachlan Angus, Shalem Leemaqz, Olivia Ooi, Pauline Cundill, Nicholas Silberstein, Peter Locke, Jeffrey D Zajac, and Ada S Cheung

Introduction Rapid rises in demand for transgender health services have been observed worldwide ( 1 , 2 ). Birth-assigned males who wish to transition to female (hereafter termed transfeminine individuals) are typically treated with

Open access

Mohammed S Albreiki, Benita Middleton, and Shelagh M Hampton

purpose and nature of all procedures involved. Participants and screening Seventeen healthy participants, 8 females (22.2 ± 2.59 years; mean ±  s.d. ) and 9 males (22.8 ± 3.5 years) were recruited from students and staff at the University of Surrey

Open access

Charlotte Höybye, Laia Faseh, Christos Himonakos, Tomasz Pielak, and Jesper Eugen-Olsen

circumference was measured halfway between the costal edge and iliac crest and cut-off points for obesity were set to 88 cm in female and 102 cm in male patients. Hip was measured at the greatest circumference and waist-to-hip (WH) ratio above 0.85 in female and

Open access

Henghai Huang, Qijian Ding, Xiaocao Lin, Delin Li, Jingjing Zeng, and Weijin Fu

. Patients n (%) Age, median (range) 44.7 (19–62) Gender  Female 7 (7/13)  Male 6 (6/13) Clinical presentations  Incidental 10 (10/13)  Abdominal/back discomfort 2 (2/13)  Dizziness 1 (1

Open access

Thiago U Pantaleão, Andrea C F Ferreira, Maria C S Santos, Álvaro S P Figueiredo, Ruy A N Louzada, Doris Rosenthal, Denise P Carvalho, and Vânia M Corrêa da Costa

peripheral metabolism of thyroid hormones, with a special focus on the central nervous system. Materials and methods Animals In all experiments, adult (2 months old) female Wistar rats were kept in a controlled temperature (22–25°C) and 12 h/12 h

Open access

Paolo G Arduino, Dora Karimi, Federico Tirone, Veronica Sciannameo, Fulvio Ricceri, Marco Cabras, Alessio Gambino, Davide Conrotto, Stefano Salzano, Mario Carbone, and Roberto Broccoletti

Introduction Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common immune-mediated mucocutaneous disorder, usually described among females between the fifth and the sixth decades; the estimated worldwide prevalence is reported between 0.22 and 5%, with an

Open access

Caroline Culen, Diana-Alexandra Ertl, Katharina Schubert, Lisa Bartha-Doering, and Gabriele Haeusler

Introduction Turner syndrome (TS) is caused by structural anomalies in or complete loss of the X-chromosome (45X). Although a rare disease with an incidence of 1 in 2500 female births, it is nevertheless the most common sex chromosome

Open access

Clarissa Souza Barthem, Camila Lüdke Rossetti, Denise P Carvalho, and Wagner Seixas da-Silva

Animals Female Wistar rats ( Rattus norvegicus ) were maintained in a 12-h light-dark cycle at a constant temperature of 22 ± 1°C. Water and food (NUVILAB-CR-1, from Quimtia, Parana, Brazil) were available ad libitum . Animal handling and euthanasia

Open access

Maurício Martins da Silva, Lueni Lopes Felix Xavier, Carlos Frederico Lima Gonçalves, Ana Paula Santos-Silva, Francisca Diana Paiva-Melo, Mariana Lopes de Freitas, Rodrigo Soares Fortunato, Leandro Miranda-Alves, and Andrea Claudia Freitas Ferreira

treatment on two proteins essential for TH synthesis: NIS and TPO. Materials and methods Animals In all experiments, adult (4–5 months old) female Wistar rats were kept in controlled temperature (22–25°C) animal room, with a 12-h light:12-h