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Jiaxin Zhang, Jinlan Jiang, Yao Qin, Yihui Zhang, Yungang Wu, and Huadong Xu

measure BMD and define osteoporosis as being ≤2.5 standard deviations ( s.d. ) of the mean BMD in young healthy females ( 1 ). Osteoporosis can cause increased bone fragility and risks of osteoporotic fractures ( 2 ). It was estimated that the annual case

Open access

Sofya Gronskaia, Galina Melnichenko, Liudmila Rozhinskaya, Tatiana Grebennikova, Elizaveta Mamedova, Ekaterina Pigarova, Elena Przhialkovskaya, Larisa Dzeranova, Ivan Dedov, Valentin Fadeyev, Maria Luisa Brandi, and Zhanna Belaya

. Statistics were performed using the IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS20.0) for Windows (IBM). Results Two hundred patients were registered: 171 (85.5%) females and 29 (14.5%) males. Patients’ mean age at baseline evaluation was 46

Open access

Lisette van Alewijk, Kirsten Davidse, Karlijn Pellikaan, Judith van Eck, Anita C S Hokken-Koelega, Theo C J Sas, Sabine Hannema, Aart J van der Lely, and Laura C G de Graaff

–26 years), 29 patients were younger than 18 years (51%). Age did not differ significantly between males and females: median age of males was 17.0 years (IQR 17.0–18.0, range 15–26 years) and of females 18.0 years (IQR 17.0–18.5, range 17–20 years). Answers

Open access

Reshma Aziz Merchant, Michael Wong Wai Kit, Jia Yi Lim, and John E Morley

, physical activity, and hypertension. Statistical significance was determined as P < 0.05. Results Our study involved 754 community-dwelling older adults ≥ 65 years old, mean age 70.8 ± 5.1 years, mean education 6.3 ± 4.4 years, 54.8% female, and

Open access

Huda M Elsharkasi, Suet C Chen, Lewis Steell, Shuko Joseph, Naiemh Abdalrahaman, Christie McComb, Blair Johnston, John Foster, Sze Choong Wong, and S Faisal Ahmed

-based changes will facilitate the application of these techniques for studying the developing skeleton in more detail in health and disease. Methods The study cohort A total of 161 healthy male (n = 76) and female (n = 85) children and young people

Open access

Hanna F Nowotny, Jillian Bryce, Salma R Ali, Roberta Giordano, Federico Baronio, Irina Chifu, Lea Tschaidse, Martine Cools, Erica LT van den Akker, Henrik Falhammar, Natasha M Appelman-Dijkstra, Luca Persani, Guglielmo Beccuti, Ian L Ross, Simona Grozinsky-Glasberg, Alberto M Pereira, Eystein S Husebye, Stefanie Hahner, S Faisal Ahmed, and Nicole Reisch

infection reported, 41 were female (median age 51.0 years (IQR 28.5)) and 23 were male (median age 37.0 years (IQR 41.0)). Adrenal gland disorders included in the questionnaire were AI (34 female, 23 male) and CS (7 female). Of AI patients, 25 female

Open access

M von Wolff, C T Nakas, M Tobler, T M Merz, M P Hilty, J D Veldhuis, A R Huber, and J Pichler Hefti

, which have not allowed a conclusive statement about the effect of altitude on the endocrine system to be made up to now. The aim was therefore to perform an observational study in a large collective, with both male and female subjects at various

Open access

M Boering, P R van Dijk, S J J Logtenberg, K H Groenier, B H R Wolffenbuttel, R O B Gans, N Kleefstra, and H J G Bilo

concentrations during both treatment phases. Because of known gender differences and because collection of samples took place irrespective of phase of the menstrual cycle, the results of SHBG and testosterone were presented for males and females separately and

Open access

Nandini Shankara Narayana, Lam P Ly, Veena Jayadev, Carolyn Fennell, Sasha Savkovic, Ann J Conway, and David J Handelsman

determining shorter or longer inter-injection intervals. Injectable TU has also become to be increasingly used to masculinize female-to-male transgenders (F2M, transmen) ( 7 , 15 ) with treatment following standard dosing regimen recommendations. We

Open access

Yiyan Wang, Yaoyao Dong, Yinghui Fang, Yao Lv, Qiqi Zhu, Xiaoheng Li, Qingquan Lian, and Ren-Shan Ge

prescribed by physicians for pregnant women to treat the loss of pregnancy ( 3 ). However, in utero exposure to pharmacological doses of DES was demonstrated to be associated with adverse effects on the reproductive tract of both male and female offspring