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Anna Liori, Damaskini Polychroni, Georgios K Markantes, Maria Stamou, Sarantis Livadas, George Mastorakos, and Neoklis Georgopoulos

prevent VDD. VDD affects more than one billion people globally including children and adults. It can be associated with osteopenia and osteoporosis as well as non-bone-related conditions such as autoimmune diseases and cancer ( 3 , 4 ). Apart from its

Open access

Sandrine Visentin, Gérard Michel, Claire Oudin, Béatrice Cousin, Bénédicte Gaborit, Inès Abdesselam, Marie Maraninchi, Marion Nowicki, René Valéro, Maxime Guye, Monique Bernard, Pascal Auquier, Hervé Chambost, Marie-Christine Alessi, and Sophie Béliard

– 58 . ( ) 10.4158/EP12115.OR 12 Adachi M Asakura Y Muroya K Goto H Kigasawa H . Abnormal adipose tissue distribution with unfavorable metabolic profile in five children following hematopoietic stem cell

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Isabelle Flechtner, Magali Viaud, Dulanjalee Kariyawasam, Marie Perrissin-Fabert, Maud Bidet, Anne Bachelot, Philippe Touraine, Philippe Labrune, Pascale de Lonlay, and Michel Polak

cryptorchidism ( 20 ). Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels were normal or elevated and inhibin B levels normal or decreased. Evidence that males with galactosemia have fathered children comes only from personal communications. Few descriptive data are available

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Andrew R Dismukes, Vanessa J Meyer, Elizabeth A Shirtcliff, Katherine P Theall, Kyle C Esteves, and Stacy S Drury

-American participants were included in the final analysis. A total of 120 predominantly African-American children aged 5–15 years were recruited from the greater New Orleans area (for details see ( 17 )). Analyses excluded 11 individuals of other races. Of the remaining

Open access

Angelica Amorim Amato, Hailey Brit Wheeler, and Bruce Blumberg

explain some of the obesity pandemic ( 35 ). However, it is hard to argue that these alone are the main contributors to obesity. The prevalence of obesity is increasing in children as well as in adults. The percentage of obese children aged 2–5 years has

Open access

A Gizard, A Rothenbuhler, Z Pejin, G Finidori, C Glorion, B de Billy, A Linglart, and P Wicart

vitamin D, thereby altering the function of target organs including the bone and the growth plate ( 2 ). Children affected with XLHR present with rickets, osteomalacia, enlarged joints, bone pain, growth retardation, abnormal mineralization of the teeth

Open access

Natércia Neves Marques de Queiroz, Franciane Trindade Cunha de Melo, Fabrício de Souza Resende, Luísa Corrêa Janaú, Norberto Jorge Kzan de Souza Neto, Manuela Nascimento de Lemos, Ana Carolina Lobato Virgolino, Maria Clara Neres Iunes de Oliveira, Angélica Leite de Alcântara, Lorena Vilhena de Moraes, Tiago Franco David, Wanderson Maia da Silva, Scarlatt Souza Reis, Márcia Costa dos Santos, Ana Carolina Contente Braga de Souza, Pedro Paulo Freire Piani, Neyla Arroyo Lara Mourão, Karem Mileo Felício, João Felício Abrahão Neto, and João Soares Felício

separately, in order to properly interpret their data. Information regarding age, sex, BMI and living zone were collected. Patients were divided according to the age groups defined by WHO, in 2013, as children (0–9 years old), teenagers (10–19 years old

Open access

K Amrein, A Papinutti, E Mathew, G Vila, and D Parekh

acutely relevant to the specialty of critical care? In fact, it now transpires that the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in critically ill adults and children, combined with the pleiotropic effects of vitamin D, could indeed be of great importance

Open access

Nicolás Crisosto, Bárbara Echiburú, Manuel Maliqueo, Marta Luchsinger, Pedro Rojas, Sergio Recabarren, and Teresa Sir-Petermann

Tanner stage IV–V but with no anthropometric differences. Despite being comparable in age, BMI and Tanner stage, PCOSs seem to develop early derangements in cholesterol levels. We have previously reported this observation in children and adult PCOSs

Open access

K L Gatford, G K Heinemann, S D Thompson, J V Zhang, S Buckberry, J A Owens, G A Dekker, C T Roberts, and on behalf of the SCOPE Consortium

12579108 is weakly associated with plasma IGF1 in children in combination with other SNPs (22) , while the rare C allele of the IGF1 rs7965399 SNP was associated with increased plasma IGF1 concentrations in older women but not with plasma IGF1