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Keina Nishio, Akiko Tanabe, Risa Maruoka, Kiyoko Nakamura, Masaaki Takai, Tatsuharu Sekijima, Satoshi Tunetoh, Yoshito Terai, and Masahide Ohmichi

explained by trauma such as those occurring during motor-vehicle accidents, corticosteroid drug use, hormone replacement therapy, use of oral contraceptives for a period longer that 6 months, past or recent use of hormone therapy) were excluded from this

Open access

Bledar Daka, Thord Rosen, Per Anders Jansson, Lennart Råstam, Charlotte A Larsson, and Ulf Lindblad

1988 78 539 – 545 . ( doi:10.1161/01.CIR.78.3.539 ). 4 Lapidus L Lindstedt G Lundberg PA Bengtsson C Gredmark T . Concentrations of sex-hormone binding globulin and corticosteroid binding globulin

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Pernille H Hellmann, Jonatan I Bagger, Katrine R Carlander, Katrine B Hansen, Julie L Forman, Joachim Størling, Elizaveta Chabanova, Jens Holst, Tina Vilsbøll, and Filip K Knop

Introduction Prednisolone, a corticosteroid-based drug, is used in a wide range of diseases due to its anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant effects ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ). Glucocorticoids affect various human tissues, and it has been shown

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A Daniel Bird, Spencer Greatorex, David Reser, Gareth G Lavery, and Timothy J Cole

‘GXXXGXG’ nucleotide cofactor (NAD + /NADP + ) binding domain and an ‘YXXXK’ catalytic active site domain ( 4 ). 11βHSD1 and 11βHSD2 carry out largely opposing roles in the preceptor modification of corticosteroids. 11βHSD1, encoded by the HSD11B1 gene

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Efstratios Kardalas, Stavroula A Paschou, Panagiotis Anagnostis, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Gerasimos Siasos, and Andromachi Vryonidou

androgens and testosterone are all decreased or absent. The urinary metabolites 17-hydroxylase corticosteroid and 17-ketosteroid also are decreased or absent. The diagnosis is set by markedly elevated levels of 11-deoxycorticosterone and corticosterone ( 43

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Fernando Aprile-Garcia, María Antunica-Noguerol, Maia Ludmila Budziñski, Ana C Liberman, and Eduardo Arzt

. ( doi:10.1038/nrn2297 ). 10 Besedovsky HO del Rey A . Immune–neuroendocrine circuits: integrative role of cytokines . Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology 1992 13 61 – 94 . 11 De Kloet ER Vreugdenhil E Oitzl MS Joels M . Brain corticosteroid receptor

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Charlotte Höybye, Beverly M K Biller, Jean-Marc Ferran, Murray B Gordon, Nicky Kelepouris, Navid Nedjatian, Anne H Olsen, and Matthias M Weber

patients (38.6%) were reported to be taking thyroid hormone and 322 patients (45.4%) were reported as taking corticosteroids at baseline and/or during the follow-up years. Table 1 Baseline demographics and clinical characteristics of all patients

Open access

Tomás P Griffin, Caroline M Joyce, Sumaya Alkanderi, Liam M Blake, Derek T O’Keeffe, Delia Bogdanet, Md Nahidul Islam, Michael C Dennedy, John E Gillan, John J Morrison, Timothy O’Brien, John A Sayer, Marcia Bell, and Paula M O’Shea

pregnancy, the proband was treated with a combination of i.v. fluids, a diet low in calcium and vitamin D and oral corticosteroids. II.2 required numerous prolonged hospital admissions to maintain Ca 2+ levels within normal limits. The baby (III.3) had

Open access

Henghai Huang, Qijian Ding, Xiaocao Lin, Delin Li, Jingjing Zeng, and Weijin Fu

accompanied by excessive secretion of corticosteroids or adrenomedullary hormones ( 9 ). It has been suggested that a routine examination of adrenal endocrine function be performed before surgery to determine the nature of the incidental adrenal tumours, to

Open access

Ramjan Sanas Mohamed, Biyaser Abuelgasim, Sally Barker, Hemanth Prabhudev, Niamh M Martin, Karim Meeran, Emma L Williams, Sarah Darch, Whitlock Matthew, Tricia Tan, and Florian Wernig

contamination with topical or oral corticosteroids is suspected ( 8 ). In this study, we compare the diagnostic accuracy of LNSC and LNS cortisone to the diagnostic accuracy of other commonly used tests for the diagnosis of CS. The aim of this retrospective