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Britt J van Keulen, Michelle Romijn, Bibian van der Voorn, Marita de Waard, Michaela F Hartmann, Johannes B van Goudoever, Stefan A Wudy, Joost Rotteveel, and Martijn J J Finken

), late-onset sepsis (LOS), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), and more often require invasive respiratory support ( 2 , 4 , 5 ), than females. In childhood, male preterm infants had a greater odds of (major and minor

Open access

Marie Auzanneau, Alexander J Eckert, Andreas Fritsche, Martin Heni, Andrea Icks, Annabel S Mueller-Stierlin, Ana Dugic, Alexander Risse, Stefanie Lanzinger, and Reinhard W Holl

) were excluded. Cases with unknown sex (overall less than 0.02% of all inpatient cases: n  = 285 in 2015; n  = 175 in 2016; n  = 1073 in 2017; n  = 2790 in 2018; n  = 0 in 2019; n  = 0 in 2020) were assigned to the female cases since it was the

Open access

Adriano N Cury, Verônica T Meira, Osmar Monte, Marília Marone, Nilza M Scalissi, Cristiane Kochi, Luís E P Calliari, and Carlos A Longui

Introduction Graves' disease (GD) accounts for 10–15% of all childhood thyroid abnormalities and is rare in those under age 5 years – its incidence peaks between age 11 and 15 years, predominantly affecting females (1, 2) . There is

Open access

Kaiyu Pan, Chengyue Zhang, Xiaocong Yao, and Zhongxin Zhu

older age ( 2 ). The recommendations for Ca intake vary by country, and the optimal amount of Ca intake to maintain skeletal growth remains unclear ( 3 ). The Ca recommended dietary allowances for US adolescent males and females aged 9 to 18 years is 1

Open access

Bettina Winzeler, Michelle Steinmetz, Julie Refardt, Nicole Cesana-Nigro, Milica Popovic, Wiebke Fenske, and Mirjam Christ-Crain

statistical software package R ( 22 ) and GraphPad Prism7. Results Baseline characteristics In Table 1 , baseline characteristics of both cohorts are provided. Of the total of 146 patients, 92 (63%) were female and the median age in the

Open access

Leyre Lorente-Poch, Sílvia Rifà-Terricabras, Juan José Sancho, Danilo Torselli-Valladares, Sofia González-Ortiz, and Antonio Sitges-Serra

, female gender, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, smoking and previous stroke were associated with BGC; a low BMI and older age were identified as the most powerful predicting risk factors ( 13 ). It has been reported that alteration in calcium

Open access

Nadia Sawicka-Gutaj, Ariadna Zybek-Kocik, Michał Kloska, Paulina Ziółkowska, Agata Czarnywojtek, Jerzy Sowiński, Dorota Mańkowska-Wierzbicka, and Marek Ruchała

was an observational study with consecutive enrollment. Females with newly diagnosed overt autoimmune hypo- or hyperthyroidism (Hashimoto’s disease or Graves’ disease, respectively) were included. Inclusion criteria for hypothyroid group consisted of

Open access

Agnieszka Pazderska, Yaasir Mamoojee, Satish Artham, Margaret Miller, Stephen G Ball, Tim Cheetham, and Richard Quinton

can present with absent puberty in females, male hypogonadism in the context of absent puberty is almost invariably secondary (CHH) ( 1 ). Although sharing a common clinical presentation and biochemistry with CDP, most CHH cases should be

Open access

Jiaxi Li, Pu Huang, Jing Xiong, Xinyue Liang, Mei Li, Hao Ke, Chunli Chen, Yang Han, Yanhong Huang, Yan Zhou, Ziqiang Luo, Dandan Feng, and Chen Chen

diabetes. Serum levels of ghrelin and LEAP2 Table 2 shows serum levels of ghrelin and LEAP2, as well as the ghrelin/LEAP2 ratio of healthy adults and T2D patients in the male and female groups separately. Compared with healthy adults

Open access

Anna Olsson-Brown, Rosemary Lord, Joseph Sacco, Jonathan Wagg, Mark Coles, and Munir Pirmohamed

Gender  Male (M) 4 1 5 0  Female (F) 9 2 7 4 Gender differential of total treatment population ( n  = 103) Males 57/103 Females 46/103 Males 57/103 Females 46/103 Males 57/103 Females 46/103 Males 57