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Paraskevi Kazakou, Stavroula A Paschou, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Maria Gavriatopoulou, Eleni Korompoki, Katerina Stefanaki, Fotini Kanouta, Georgia N Kassi, Meletios-Athanasios Dimopoulos, and Asimina Mitrakou

, 11 , 74 ). Survivors of the SARS outbreak after recovery presented mild secondary hypocortisolism (40%) or central hypothyroidism (5%). The potential underlying mechanisms may include edema and neuronal degeneration ( 74 ). Hyponatremia is prevalent

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Qiu-ming Yao, Bin Wang, Xiao-fei An, Jin-an Zhang, and Liumei Ding

characteristics We identified 572 articles from literature search ( Fig. 1 ). After reading titles and abstracts, most of them were excluded because some studies were not cohort or nested case-control studies or because the exposures or outcomes were not

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Fernanda A Correa, Ericka B Trarbach, Cintia Tusset, Ana Claudia Latronico, Luciana R Montenegro, Luciani R Carvalho, Marcela M Franca, Aline P Otto, Everlayny F Costalonga, Vinicius N Brito, Ana Paula Abreu, Mirian Y Nishi, Alexander A L Jorge, Ivo J P Arnhold, Yisrael Sidis, Nelly Pitteloud, and Berenice B Mendonca

tyrosine kinase receptor, is expressed in Rathke's pouch and ventral diencephalon in the developing human embryo (5) . PROKR2 is a G protein-coupled receptor essential for normal olfactory bulb development and sexual maturation in mice (6) , and it is

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Sakina Kherra, Wendy Forsyth Paterson, Filiz Mine Cizmecioglu, Jeremy Huw Jones, Mariam Kourime, Heba Hassan Elsedfy, Sameh Tawfik, Andreas Kyriakou, Mohamad Guftar Shaikh, and Malcolm David Cairns Donaldson

Y Oto Y Itabashi H Shiraishi M Yoshino A Tanaka Y Obata K Murakami N et al . Testosterone replacement therapy to improve secondary sexual characteristics and body composition without adverse behavioral problems in adult male patients

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André Marques-Pinto and Davide Carvalho

axis is active in utero and during the first year of life (185) . Afterwards, gonadotropin secretion is reduced until puberty, when sequential endocrine changes set in motion the development of secondary sexual characteristics that will lead to

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Angelica Lindén Hirschberg

overrepresentation of women with these types of endocrine characteristics in elite sports. Essential hyperandrogenism is one example of the latter that has received much attention in recent years. The present overview describes our current state of knowledge about

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Angelica Amorim Amato, Hailey Brit Wheeler, and Bruce Blumberg

and secondary sexual characteristics during puberty . International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 2015 218 603 – 615 . ( ) 134 Golden R Gandy J Vollmer G A review of the endocrine

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Annelies van’t Westeinde, Leif Karlsson, Valeria Messina, Lena Wallensteen, Manuela Brösamle, Giorgio Dal Maso, Alessandro Lazzerini, Jette Kristensen, Diana Kwast, Lea Tschaidse, Matthias K Auer, Hanna F Nowotny, Luca Persani, Nicole Reisch, and Svetlana Lajic

related to sexual function may not be avoided and are frequently reported ( 15 ), even if surgery is performed at a later age ( 18 , 19 , 20 ). Alternatively, patients and parents may opt out of surgery. There is some indication that GC treatment alone

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A C Paepegaey, M Coupaye, A Jaziri, F Ménesguen, B Dubern, M Polak, J M Oppert, M Tauber, G Pinto, and C Poitou

2578 – 2585 . 38 Kido Y Sakazume S Abe Y Oto Y Itabashi H Shiraishi M Yoshino A Tanaka Y Obata K Murakami N , et al . Testosterone replacement therapy to improve secondary sexual characteristics and body composition without

Open access

Lijuan Yuan, Xihui Chen, Ziyu Liu, Dan Wu, Jianguo Lu, Guoqiang Bao, Sijia Zhang, Lifeng Wang, and Yuanming Wu

hormones of males and females as well as the deregulation of PGE2 or even PGF2α. The onset of PHO symptoms usually appears around puberty ( 9 ) – the period of the development of sexual characteristics and changes of hormone levels ( 50 ). One of the main