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Brenda Anguiano, Carlos Montes de Oca, Evangelina Delgado-González, and Carmen Aceves

differentiating actions of THs are suppressed, and local hypothyroidism induced by the high DIO3 leads to an increase in cell proliferation ( 2 ). miRNA, miR-379, and miR-154 of the delta-like 1 homolog-deiodinase 3 cluster are increased in serum of prostate

Open access

Karim Gariani and François R Jornayvaz

) - Pituitary gland (TSH) - Thyroid gland (free T4) - Primary hypothyroidism (thyroid disease) - Secondary hypothyroidism (pituitary (TSH) or hypothalamic disease (TRH)) Growth hormone (GH) - Pituitary gland (GH) - Ectopic secretion - Acromegaly

Open access

Dimitra Argyro Vassiliadi, Ioannis Ilias, Maria Pratikaki, Edison Jahaj, Alice G Vassiliou, Maria Detsika, Kleio Ampelakiotou, Marina Koulenti, Konstantinos N Manolopoulos, Stamatis Tsipilis, Evdokia Gavrielatou, Aristidis Diamantopoulos, Alexandros Zacharis, Nicolaos Athanasiou, Stylianos Orfanos, Anastasia Kotanidou, Stylianos Tsagarakis, and Ioanna Dimopoulou

Groups n Low/suppressed TSH NTIS Overt and subclinical thyrotoxicosis Overt and subclinical hypothyroidism Other findings July Sun et al. Retrospective 336 Unselected COVID-19 + 336 NR NR NR NR Lower TSH levels

Open access

Adriano N Cury, Verônica T Meira, Osmar Monte, Marília Marone, Nilza M Scalissi, Cristiane Kochi, Luís E P Calliari, and Carlos A Longui

tremendous controversy regarding the most appropriate treatment schedule for this age group (3) . No strategy targets the underlying autoimmunity, and the control of thyroid hyperfunction is usually achieved by the induction of hypothyroidism. In many

Open access

Stine Linding Andersen and Stig Andersen

likely to explain the higher maternal TSH in the early pregnancy prior to the hCG-peak ( 13 , 15 ). In line with this thought, patients with DIO3 containing hemangiomas present with consumptive hypothyroidism and a high rT3/T3-ratio ( 16 ). These

Open access

Paolo G Arduino, Dora Karimi, Federico Tirone, Veronica Sciannameo, Fulvio Ricceri, Marco Cabras, Alessio Gambino, Davide Conrotto, Stefano Salzano, Mario Carbone, and Roberto Broccoletti

hypothyroidism ( 4 , 5 , 6 ) or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis ( 7 ), while other studies denied it ( 8 ). Considering all the previous deliberations, in such a discordant context, we decided to assess the association of OLP with some comorbidities, focusing our

Open access

Ning Yuan, Jianbin Sun, Xin Zhao, Jing Du, Min Nan, Qiaoling Zhang, and Xiaomei Zhang

Introduction Maternal subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH), which is defined as an increased thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration beyond the upper limit of the pregnancy-specific reference range and a normal free-thyroxine (FT4

Open access

Dorte Glintborg, Katrine Hass Rubin, Mads Nybo, Bo Abrahamsen, and Marianne Andersen

Introduction Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) comprises irregular ovulation, hyperandrogenism, and/or polycystic ovaries when no other etiology can be found ( 1 ). Frank (overt) hypothyroidism is associated with insulin resistance

Open access

Monika Schaffner, Ursula Rochau, Nikolai Mühlberger, Annette Conrads-Frank, Vjollca Qerimi Rushaj, Gaby Sroczynski, Eftychia Koukkou, Betina Heinsbaek Thuesen, Henry Völzke, Wilhelm Oberaigner, and Uwe Siebert

Introduction Iodine deficiency is one of the world’s most common nutritional health problems. It causes thyroid disorders, such as goiter, hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism and a variety of other iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs). Worldwide

Open access

Jiashu Li, Aihua Liu, Haixia Liu, Chenyan Li, Weiwei Wang, Cheng Han, Xinyi Wang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Weiping Teng, and Zhongyan Shan

Introduction Thyroid dysfunction is a common endocrine disorder among reproductively aged women ( 1 ), with a morbidity of 2–3%. Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is the most common condition of thyroid disorders during pregnancy ( 2 ) and is