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Rosalie Cabry, Philippe Merviel, Aicha Madkour, Elodie Lefranc, Florence Scheffler, Rachel Desailloud, Véronique Bach, and Moncef Benkhalifa

documented, only few studies have examined the direct impact of pesticides on fertility (and especially in female infertility) in IVF programmes. Hence, the objective of the present review was to assess the impact of the most frequently used pesticides on

Open access

Rafaella Sales de Freitas, Thiago F A França, and Sabine Pompeia

controls ( 16 , 17 ), further suggesting a role of peripheral kisspeptins in initiating puberty in females. However, Zhu et al . ( 15 ) found a marked increase in serum concentrations from the first stages of puberty in boys, but not in girls, in whom

Open access

Dorte Glintborg, Katrine Hass Rubin, Simon Bang Mohr Kristensen, Øjvind Lidegaard, Guy T’Sjoen, Aisa Burgwal, Malene Hilden, and Marianne Skovsager Andersen

Introduction The term transgender is an umbrella term to group individuals whose gender identity differs from the assigned sex at birth. Transgender females are assigned male at birth (AMAB) but identified as females and transgender males are

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Nancy J Olsen, Ann L Benko, and William J Kovacs

Introduction Androgenic gonadal steroid hormones exert effects on both human autoimmune disease and the corresponding animal models. In an experimental mouse model of human systemic lupus erythematosus, females acquire fatal renal disease while

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Henrik H Thomsen, Holger J Møller, Christian Trolle, Kristian A Groth, Anne Skakkebæk, Anders Bojesen, Christian Høst, and Claus H Gravholt

and others have shown that both females with Turner syndrome (TS) and males with Klinefelter syndrome (KS) show evidence of low-grade inflammation (12, 13, 14) and this substantiates the increased frequency of type 2 diabetes, disease of the

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Shota Dzemaili, Jitske Tiemensma, Richard Quinton, Nelly Pitteloud, Diane Morin, and Andrew A Dwyer

) reveals the male to female ratio to be 3.6–1. Yet, unlike many other rare disorders, effective treatments are available. Hormone replacement in the form of low-dose estradiol (titrated over time) is the standard treatment for younger hypogonadal women to

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Sakina Kherra, Wendy Forsyth Paterson, Filiz Mine Cizmecioglu, Jeremy Huw Jones, Mariam Kourime, Heba Hassan Elsedfy, Sameh Tawfik, Andreas Kyriakou, Mohamad Guftar Shaikh, and Malcolm David Cairns Donaldson

pubertal and adult patients ( 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 ). Testicular histology in adults is variable ( 10 ) with no reports of male fertility. Fewer centres have reported on females with hypogonadism ( 8 , 11 , 14 , 15 ). Features include hypoplastic labia at

Open access

Tingting Xia, Hongru Sun, Hao Huang, Haoran Bi, Rui Pu, Lei Zhang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Ying Liu, Jing Xu, Justina Ucheojor Onwuka, Yupeng Liu, Binbin Cui, and Yashuang Zhao

European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition designed to investigate the risk of frequent cancers, such as colorectal cancer. This study recruited 47,749 volunteers (15,171 males and 32,578 females) between 1993 and 1998 from five districts

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Cecilia Lundin, Agota Malmborg, Julia Slezak, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Marie Bixo, Hanna Bengtsdotter, Lena Marions, Ingela Lindh, Elvar Theodorsson, Mats Hammar, and Inger Sundström-Poromaa

Introduction The effect of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) on female sexuality has long been a matter of discussion ( 1 ). According to a systematic review in the field, however, mainly based on observational studies, approximately 15% of

Open access

Yu Ah Hong, Kyung-Do Han, Jae-Seung Yun, Eun Sil Sil, Seung-Hyun Ko, and Sungjin Chung

( n  = 552,913) Height 154.6 ± 7.7 158.8 ± 7.4 163.2 ± 7.1 165.2 ± 7.7 169.7 ± 8.2 <0.001  Male (cm) 160.0 ± 3.6 164.9 ± 2.6 1680.0 ± 2.4 171.1 ± 2.5 175.9 ± 3.7 <0.001  Female (cm) 146.2 ± 3.6 151