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Min Yang, Xiangling Deng, Shunan Wang, Bo Zhou, Wenquan Niu, and Zhixin Zhang

. Whether twins or not was also recorded. Additionally, gestational age was divided into <37 weeks, 37–42 weeks, and >42 weeks. Delivery mode included vaginal delivery and cesarean section. Breastfeeding duration was classified as <12 months, and ≥12 months

Open access

Caroline Serrano-Nascimento, Rafael Barrera Salgueiro, Kaio Fernando Vitzel, Thiago Pantaleão, Vânia Maria Corrêa da Costa, and Maria Tereza Nunes

. After an adaptation period, at 8 weeks of age, the female rats were mated with male rats (two female rats with one male rat per cage). The presence of spermatozoa in the vaginal smear was defined as first day of gestation (GD1). Then, the pregnant rats

Open access

Yu Lin, Yingying Zhang, Lei Xu, Wei Long, Chunjian Shan, Hongjuan Ding, Lianghui You, Chun Zhao, and Zhonghua Shi

 OGTT, 2 h (mmol/L) 7.74 ± 0.53 8.12 ± 0.52 0.003  Gestational week 39.3 ± 0.83 39.3 ± 0.54 0.70  Delivery mode (vaginal delivery) 35 (47.5%) 18 (56.3%) 0.15  Triglycerides (mmol/L) 3.89 ± 1.25 4.72 ± 1.71 0

Open access

Kathryn L Gatford, Beverly S Muhlhausler, Lili Huang, Pamela Su-Lin Sim, Claire T Roberts, Johannes D Velhuis, and Chen Chen

pregnancies, a male was placed in the females’ cage overnight when one or both females were in diestrus-to-proestrus transition or proestrus. Pregnancy was signified by the presence of a vaginal plug (day 0.5), cell types in post-mating estrus smears and

Open access

Manjeetkaur Sehemby, Prachi Bansal, Vijaya Sarathi, Ashwini Kolhe, Kanchan Kothari, Swati Jadhav-Ramteke, Anurag R Lila, Tushar Bandgar, and Nalini S Shah

salpingo-opherectomy; MRI, magnetic resonance imaging; RO, right ovary; RSO, right salpingo-opherectomy; TAH, total abdominal hysterectomy; TRS, transrectal sonogram; TVS, transvaginal sonogram; USG, ultrasonography; VH, vaginal hysterectomy. All

Open access

Ling Shan, Yingying Zhou, Shiqiao Peng, Xinyi Wang, Zhongyan Shan, and Weiping Teng

. After 9 days of injections, all rats were mated with normal male rats (male:female = 1:2). The day of vaginal plus was confirmed by microscopic observation and designated as E0. We collected tissues on days E0, E5 and E13. We measured the weight of the

Open access

Henrik Falhammar, Magnus Kjellman, and Jan Calissendorff

-organ failure triggered by surgery ( n  = 2, coronary bypass and uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, respectively), vaginal delivery ( n  = 1), influenza ( n  = 1) and unknown cause ( n  = 1). None had metastatic disease at presentation; however, two later developed

Open access

Elvira C Arellanes-Licea, José Ávila-Mendoza, Elizabeth C Ramírez-Martínez, Eugenia Ramos, Nancy Uribe-González, Carlos Arámburo, Teresa Morales, and Maricela Luna

parturition, litter sizes were culled to ten. Mothers were used for experiments on postpartum (pp) days 14–19. Vaginal smears of virgin rats were followed for at least four estrous cycles. The Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Institute of

Open access

Valentina Guarnotta, Silvia Lucchese, Mariagrazia Irene Mineo, Donatella Mangione, Renato Venezia, Piero Luigi Almasio, and Carla Giordano

PCOS (used as a control group in a previous study)) ( 21 ). Transvaginal ovarian ultrasound scanning was performed between days 5 and 10 after the beginning of the last period using a 7.5-MHz vaginal probe transducer (General Electric LOGIQ 400MD

Open access

Shilpa Lingaiah, Laure Morin-Papunen, Terhi Piltonen, Inger Sundström-Poromaa, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, and Juha S Tapanainen

Hedberg P Ruokonen A Mutt SJ Herzig KH Nissinen A Morin-Papunen L Tapanainen JS. Oral, transdermal and vaginal combined contraceptives induce an increase in markers of chronic inflammation and impair insulin sensitivity in young healthy normal