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Anastasia K Armeni, Konstantinos Assimakopoulos, Dimitra Marioli, Vassiliki Koika, Euthychia Michaelidou, Niki Mourtzi, Gregoris Iconomou, and Neoklis A Georgopoulos

cortex), hippocampus, central nucleus of amygdala and pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) ( 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 ). Furthermore, peripheral actions of estrogens also promote female sexuality, including vaginal trophic effects as well as increase in skin

Open access

Neil R Chappell, Beth Zhou, Amy K Schutt, William E Gibbons, and Chellakkan S Blesson

measured from snout to anus in millimeters at 3, 4, 8, and 12 weeks up to killing at 16 weeks to calculate their BMI. Test for estrous cyclicity was performed at 3 months of age by observing the vaginal cytology using vaginal smears as previously described

Open access

Monica F Stecchini, Zilda Braid, Candy B More, Davi C Aragon, Margaret Castro, Ayrton C Moreira, and Sonir R Antonini

fast puberty (EFP) ( 40 , 41 ). Precocious menarche was defined as cyclic vaginal bleeding before 9 years ( 1 ). CPP and EFP were considered pubertal disorders. Sex, age, duration of ACT signs, Tanner stage for pubic hair, stature SDS, Δ BA, tumor

Open access

Emanuelle Nunes-Souza, Mônica Evelise Silveira, Monalisa Castilho Mendes, Seigo Nagashima, Caroline Busatta Vaz de Paula, Guilherme Guilherme Vieira Cavalcante da Silva, Giovanna Silva Barbosa, Julia Belgrowicz Martins, Lúcia de Noronha, Luana Lenzi, José Renato Sales Barbosa, Rayssa Danilow Fachin Donin, Juliana Ferreira de Moura, Gislaine Custódio, Cleber Machado-Souza, Enzo Lalli, and Bonald Cavalcante de Figueiredo

/L, respectively. This wide variation in DHEAS levels suggests that a significant percent of women present DHEAS levels <2040 nmol/L in the 40s. These events together, adrenopause and menopause, may accelerate the aging process and cause skin and vaginal atrophy

Open access

Yardena Tenenbaum-Rakover, Osnat Admoni, Ghadir Elias-Assad, Shira London, Marie Noufi-Barhoum, Hanna Ludar, Tal Almagor, Yoav Zehavi, Charles Sultan, Rita Bertalan, Anu Bashamboo, and Kenneth McElreavey

Female 12 Rt. UDT, hypospadias G4, bifid scrotum 46,XY 12.6 P3 3.5 4 Subaortic membrane, ASD, recurrent UTI, mild sensorineural hearing impairment 5 Arab-Muslim Yes Female 30 Fusion of labia majora, small vaginal

Open access

Jonneke J Hollanders, Bibian van der Voorn, Noera Kieviet, Koert M Dolman, Yolanda B de Rijke, Erica L T van den Akker, Joost Rotteveel, Adriaan Honig, and Martijn J J Finken

.9–42.1)  Birth weight 3480 ± 629, 3569 (1806–5290)  Male sex 61 (55.5)  Vaginal delivery 40 (32.5)  Perinatal infection 34 (30.9)  Respiratory problems 9 (8.2) Maternal  Age 33.9 ± 4.8, 34 (21–44)  Non

Open access

Jordyn Silverstein, Wesley Kidder, Susan Fisher, Thomas A Hope, Samantha Maisel, Dianna Ng, Jessica Van Ziffle, Chloe E Atreya, and Katherine Van Loon

Case reports Patient 1: A 34-year-old female presented with bloody stools, both before and during pregnancy, which were attributed to hemorrhoids. Following her vaginal delivery, she continued to experience bright red blood per rectum, which

Open access

E Kohva, P J Miettinen, S Taskinen, M Hero, A Tarkkanen, and T Raivio

–8.8) 23 (C) Other  1. Congenital structural abnormalities (e.g. vagina duplex, vaginal atresia, clitoris hyperplasia) 5 (0.9) 0.05 (0–10.6) 0  2. Part of a syndrome (e.g. MRKH, HFGS) 6 (1.1) 6.4 (0–15.4) 0  3

Open access

Anna Liori, Damaskini Polychroni, Georgios K Markantes, Maria Stamou, Sarantis Livadas, George Mastorakos, and Neoklis Georgopoulos

.6%) delivered vaginally, while in 21, cesarean section was performed. Interestingly, the proportion of women undergoing C-section was higher in Greeks compared to refugees. C-section was performed for the following reasons: previous C-section ( n   = 13

Open access

Stavroula A Paschou, Nektaria Papadopoulou-Marketou, George P Chrousos, and Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein

born by cesarean section. Lack of contact with the vaginal microbiome of the mother and subsequent differences in their gut microbiota due to abnormal colonization may be a pathogenic mechanism and indicate the possible protective role of normal labor