To evaluate the effect of metformin in improving platelet dysfunction in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).
Patients and methods
A randomized controlled trial was conducted on pregnant women diagnosed with GDM. Singleton low-risk pregnancies meeting the inclusion criteria were randomly allocated at 27–31 weeks to receive metformin and placebo through the rest of pregnancy. Thirty-seven and 39 cases were recruited into the metformin group and the placebo group, respectively. MPVs, P-selectin, and 8-isoprostane levels were determined at the time of allocation and 6 weeks after treatment. Obstetric and neonatal outcomes were also assessed.
Most baseline characteristics of the two groups were comparable. The levels of P-selectin after 6 weeks of treatment were significantly higher in the metformin group (68.9 ± 14.4 vs 60.6 ± 11.3; P-value = 0.006), indicating more platelet activation. All of the obstetric and neonatal outcomes were comparable except that birth weight was significantly lower in the metformin group (3018 ± 364 g vs 3204 ± 393 g; P-value = 0.037).
Metformin, in addition to diet and lifestyle modifications, does not improve or worsen oxidative stress and platelet dysfunction in women with GDM. Nevertheless, metformin significantly reduces fetal weight in women with GDM, theoretically preventing macrosomia.